Dyes pinks, salmons, apricots and dark reds.
Madder is a beautiful, permanent red dye from the roots of a pretty, viney, low growing herb. Brick Red with alum, bright Orange with tin; Burgundy with chrome; off-Black with iron. Very fast to both washing and light as wells as acids, sweat, baby drool, etc. This is a softer red than Cochineal, Lac or Brazilwood, but is superior in fastness to all other Reds, since it is both light and wash fast.
For easier extraction and use: ground madder root allows more surface area to be exposed during extraction.